Key thinkers 4

Doreeen Massey: Importance of conceptualizing time and space. How they are conceptualizes the reshapes understanding of the social world and how to effect transformations on and of it.  “Geography Matters” “layers of investment, “Spatial structures of production”: solidified and transformed by political and economical strategies and actors.  Acknowledges that ideologies of race and gender complicate her analysis. The construction of gender relations is central to patial organization of social relations (1994). Conceptualizations of time and place have problematically mapped onto the dualism feminity and masculinity. Places might be understood as “porous networks of social relations”. “power Geometry” to  emphasize how groups and individuals are positioned in these porous networks.  Concept “Space-Time” in which they are seen as insepatable: the spatial is integral to the production of history and  thus to the possibility of politics  just as the temporal is to geography (1994).

Reinterpreting the objects in space as  products of the spatial organization of relations.  The social and the spatial need to be conceptualized together.

Gillian Rose: Encouraged to consider the gendered constructions of geographical knowledge. *critiques of visual methodological approaches*Best known Book Feminism and Geography: How the approaches legitimize masculine forms of geographical knowledge, isolating women’s ways of knowing. Text Visual Methodologies (2001). Second book Colonial and Post colonial geographies: complicated relations between gender, sex, race , class and sexuality experienced through the written representations of spatial differentiation. Another book Writing Women and Space  critique to Bhabha as using masculine vocabulary and disembodiedment. The process of representation is central to everyday and to the engendering of subjects in that space. Attemts not to prioritize the ‘real’ over ‘metaphorical’space.  Space seen as performative.Bodily performances produces space.

Edward Said: All texts must be worlded, located in the world and exposed for the geographical imaginations from which they arise. Analysis of politics of cultural representation. Travel writing: creation of geographies of empire. Spatial sensitivity. Neglected gender for the most part of his framework.

David Sibley: Research of socio-spatial exclusionary processes, Maybe to maintain  cleanliness and purity (infancy). He draws on psychoanalysis : boundary making and spatia transgression through object relations theory.

Edward Soja:Centrality of Space in the constitution of society: 1. Capitalist society privileges space over time, 2. Spatiality is constitutive of social life, Space must be taken seriously to make sense of society. Space plus time plus social being. Third space is the privileged space of analysis.

Gayatri Spivak: Representations do not just describe reality, they are constitutive of it.  Western feminisms have not seen the differences between women. Offesr some pathways o the recoveryof subaltern agency. Criticized for obscurantism, respondet there is nothing outside the text. Deals with postcolonial complicities.

Nigel Thrift:
Interest in time and space, time socially constructed: rhythms of everyday life , regional geography,  Relations: among bodies and individuals, power and knowledge  and globalized exchanges of human, symbolic and financial capital. Flows of information ad knowledge that shape individuals’ conception of themselves  and play a major role in the routinal reproduction of social relations.  Geographies are produced in prediscursive practical ways. Local uniqueness maters: no social process unfolds in the same way in different places. Interest for the time and space compression of digital globalization. Non represetational theory of action that stresses performative embodied knowledges.  Human beings embedded in networks of power and knowledge construct global fluxes and connections and change the  fluid structures. Fluidity of spatial relations, contingent, ever changing.

Paul Virilo: Relationships among war and space , between military and urban perception. Undesrtanding conflict in aesthetic (perceptual) terms. Centrality of startegies of deception. Impact of technologies in geography. Technologies as prostheses – appearances . Reality usurped by reality effects. Spped and Slowness? attack. War machine  speed.

Raymond Williams: Place andclass . Widely used in geography. Blind to gender in many cases.