Key Thinkers part 2

Gilles Deleuze: his radicalism consists  of problematizing the world and thereby opening the possibility that somethink different might happen. Philosophy is not critical, it is creative.  the Surface ceases to be negative and inferior, it actually comes to take all.
vertical axis of hierarchy : illusion of order; horizontal axis: always open to differentiation, instability and transformation.  Nothing is fixed in place.

philosophers responsible for creating concepts, not in general, but situated concepts.  contextualized concepts.  concepts as territories and events. Philosophy as an event.  Thought is always encountered.
Event: Meanwhile, Meantime, becoming multiple. Space does not consist of points, but of folds. An event is never simply present, but it is not all lacking.  An event is as much virtual as it is actual.

geography: maps, planes, surfaces, strata, spaces, territories, transversals. Deterritorialized terms . concepts must be invented, fabricated.

Transformation and shape shifting. Encounter everything as if for the firs time as Paul Auster says.
Non-representational philosophy.
Thinking space in its own right, not an abstract space for thought, but a concrete space for thought: an honest to goodness thinking space . Space teems with life and is itself alive. Become sensitive to the vivacity of space .

Arturo Escobar:

Post Development theory. Development as a dominant discourse, counter discourses obliged to answer in the same ways. It is a more subtle form of colonization. Culture is tied to space and local cultures matter. Discourse should be payed attention to. Criticized by materialist currents which say capitalist is what is causing this and also because he doesn’t propose a solution to the problems he is posing, but he answers that it is up to the local cultures to look for their own alternatives.

Michel Foucault:

Space and Power. How do space and power interact? (surveiller et punir ex, panopticon et reformatoire sans murs).

Stewart Hall: Focus on diaspora (place).

Donna Haraway: Dissolves binaries. esp. culture and nature and materiality and semiotics. Uses the metaphor of the cyborg to show the ever forging identities? which can not be fixed and the relationship between the human and the nonhuman and with technology
She also states that all knowledge is partial and local. And these shared partial knowledges would never constitute a total knowledge. Knowledge must be situated (visual sense).

David Harvey: marxist geographer. Capitalism impinges on geography and viceversa. He was among the first to object to the definition of space as a mere container. For him, space has an effect on social life and social practices. He has been criticiyed for being a marxist, because the Zeitgeist has changed. He beliefs Space and Place can be theorized and not only analyzed empirically, for there is a logic underneath and it is the task of academics to uncover it. He has been criticized for this view as well.

Geographical imagination? to think how the local people are affected by unseen actions of other people in other parts of the world. 

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